Re: {Collins} More info on the 32S-3 meter pegged on ALC.


Most houses/single family dwellings in the USA are fed from one power
transformer, sometimes called a "pole pig" (when mounted on a power pole). 
In most cases, this transformer has a high voltage primary winding and a
single, center-tapped secondary winding.  That secondary provides the
120-0-120 power in your house, with the center tap ("CT") grounded at the
main power panel and thereafter called the "Neutral".  

The typical power panel does, as you say, provide a number of 120 volt
circuits from one half of the secondary and another number of 120 volt
circuits from the other half.  Loads that require 240 VAC (such as the
central air conditioning) are connected across the entire secondary and do
not use the neutral.  Note: Do NOT confuse "neutral" with the "green wire"
safety ground, which is separate from the neutral per code requirements.

A "glitch" on the HV power line feeding one of these pole pigs will cause
both halves of the secondary to suffer a corresponding glitch, which can be
either a voltage increase ("surge") or voltage decrease ("dropout").  If
you are experiencing dropouts on just one side of the power line, consider:
some device on the same side of the secondary is causing the glitches; a
partially intermittant connection at the power panel, outlet, or an
intermediate connection (such as in a pull box and using wire nuts); a
problem with a circuit breaker or fuse, GFI, or switch (not likely, but
worth mentioning just to be complete).

Good luck and Merry Christmas.

73, Dale

> [Original Message]
> From: Walter E. Cheatham <wearlc1@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> To: Collins Collectors Association <collins@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> Date: 12/22/2012 9:49:24
> Subject: {Collins} More info on the 32S-3 meter pegged on ALC.
> All,
> I have a thought about my recent ALC meter pegging situation on my 
> 32S-3, which I recently asked about, that I wish to share with you all 
> and see if the idea makes any sense.
> Some background first. For the last few weeks the AC supply to my house 
> has had an occasional power ?blink?. It is totally random as to when it 
> happens and I have not paid much attention to which lights and such 
> ?blinked?.
> I know for sure that there are two basic 110 VAC circuits in my house. I 
> further know that the 220 VAC is derived from both 110 VAC circuits 
> (actually I know ? the 220 VAC is used to supply both 110 VAC legs).
> So, with all that I am thinking that only one leg of my 220 VAC, that is 
> feeding the house, had that particular blink rather than BOTH legs.
> So, IF that is TRUE then I can see or should I say, understand, that my 
> 30S-1 would drop out for just that short instant while the 32S-3 
> (probably on the other leg) didn't ?see? the blink.
> So, does this make sense? Am I on the right track?
> I am planning to be on the 20 Meter Sunday net tomorrow and will be 
> watching to see if the same thing happens and IF it does then I hope to 
> be on the alert to try to see if there is anything external that caused 
> the 30S-1 to drop out and then the 32S-3 meter (set to monitor ALC) to 
> go pegged.
> I also wish to say thank you to all that replied with great words of 
> wisdom recently on my situation.
> Walt Cheatham ? K7CCA
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